Stainless steel industry policy environment analysis


Stainless steel industry policy environment analysis

The management of stainless steel industry in China adopts the combination of government macro-control and industry self-discipline.

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Stainless steel industry policy environment analysis

[ Data:2023-11-28 View:2Times ]

Stainless steel industry management system

The management of stainless steel industry in China adopts the combination of government macro-control and industry self-discipline.

Before July 2008, the government's macro-control of the stainless steel industry was mainly implemented through the Industrial Policy Department under the National Development and Reform Commission; Since July 2008, the responsibilities related to industrial industry management and informatization previously exercised by the Department of Industrial Policy of the National Development and Reform Commission have been transferred to the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology. Its regulation and control measures and means mainly include: research and analysis of industrial development, organization and formulation of industrial policies, put forward policy suggestions for optimizing industrial structure, ownership structure and enterprise organizational structure, supervise the implementation of industrial policies, and put forward the production capacity, technology and product guidance catalogue encouraged, restricted and eliminated by the state.

The industry self-regulatory organization of the stainless steel industry is the stainless Steel branch of the China Special Steel Enterprise Association and the Stainless Steel Branch of the China Metal Materials Circulation Association. Its main functions are: Communicate with the stainless steel industry and relevant government departments, organizations, enterprises, institutions, colleges and universities, provide information services for member units, promote the standardization and continuous improvement of member units, organize and supervise the industry self-discipline activities of member units, safeguard the legitimate rights and interests of member units in accordance with the law, and promote the healthy development of the industry.


Stainless steel industry related policies

◆ Industrial policy is conducive to the development of stainless steel industry

The steel industry is an important basic industry of the national economy, and China is a large developing country, in a long period of economic development, steel demand is large, the output has been ranked first in the world for many years, but the technical level and material consumption of the steel industry compared with the international advanced level there is still a gap. In order to improve the overall technical level of the steel industry, the national industrial policy will promote structural adjustment, encourage special steel enterprises to develop in the direction of collectivization and specialization, encourage the use of short process processes with scrap steel as raw materials, and encourage special steel enterprises to develop special steel for domestic demand. The biggest advantage of stainless steel is that it can be 100% recycled, which is in line with the national strategy of environmental protection, energy saving and resource conservation.

At the same time, the national policy encourages the expansion of the application of stainless steel, and the use of stainless steel instead of ordinary carbon steel in some areas is not only conducive to improving product quality, but also conducive to saving resources. At present, China's stainless steel consumption accounts for only half of the total steel in developed countries, therefore, the country encourages the use of stainless steel in more areas. The expansion of the use of stainless steel provides a broader space for the development of the industry.

◆ "200 series stainless steel "is not encouraged by the state

On November 11, 2011, the National Development and Reform Commission on the implementation of the "Industrial Structure Adjustment Guidance Catalogue (2011)" in the process of steel clauses, the "on saving alloy resources stainless steel (encouraged)" clause interpretation is as follows:

Stainless steel including modern ferritic stainless steel, duplex stainless steel, nitrogenous stainless steel and other products, through composition optimization and process innovation, in order to ensure the use of steel, corrosion resistance at the same time, reduce the use of nickel, chromium and other precious metals, saving costs. However, the saving of alloy resources stainless steel and the market in the sale of "200 series stainless steel "is different, "200 series stainless steel" in reducing the amount of nickel at the same time, but also greatly reduce the corrosion resistance of steel, greatly shorten the service life of steel and products, but caused a greater waste, is unauthorized production and sales of products, not encouraged.

Stainless steel industry development plan

1. Decision of The State Council on Accelerating the Cultivation and Development of Strategic Emerging Industries

On September 8, 2010, Premier Wen Jiabao chaired an executive meeting of The State Council, deliberating and adopting in principle the Decision of The State Council on Accelerating the Cultivation and Development of Strategic Emerging Industries (hereinafter referred to as the "Decision"), which identified the key directions, main tasks and supporting policies for the development of strategic emerging industries.

According to China's national conditions and industrial base, seven industries, including energy conservation and environmental protection, new generation information technology, biology, high-end equipment manufacturing, new energy, new materials and new energy vehicles, will receive support at this stage. Accelerating the cultivation and development of strategic emerging industries and eliminating the capacity of backward industries are two aspects of industrial upgrading, which require the promotion and guidance of government policies, and the Decision marks the transformation of top-down policy support from a plan to a reality.

Stainless steel products such as stainless steel composite plate is a composite plate steel plate combined with carbon steel base and stainless steel cladding, which is a high-quality special steel and belongs to one of the key development directions of emerging industries listed in the "Decision".

2. "Steel Industry 12th Five-Year Plan"

The 12th Five-Year Development Plan for the Iron and Steel Industry (hereinafter referred to as the "Plan") was issued by the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology of the People's Republic of China on October 24, 2011.

The "Plan" pointed out that at the end of the "Twelfth Five-Year Plan", the structural adjustment of the steel industry has made obvious progress, the basic formation of a more reasonable productivity layout, the degree of resource security has been significantly improved, the total amount of steel and variety quality basically meet the needs of national economic development, the focus of statistics on steel enterprises to achieve the international advanced level of energy conservation and environmental protection, some enterprises have a strong international market competitiveness and influence, Initially realize the transformation of the iron and steel industry from large to strong.

◆ Variety quality. Product quality has been significantly improved and stability enhanced, meeting the needs of key areas and major projects, and supporting the transformation and upgrading of downstream industries and the development of strategic emerging industries. Large imports of high-strength and high-toughness automotive steel, silicon steel sheet and other varieties to achieve large-scale production, the domestic market share reached more than 90%; Marine corrosion resistant steel, low-temperature pressure vessel plates, high-speed railway wheels and axle steel, high-pressure boiler tubes and other high-end varieties of self-sufficiency rate of 80%. The ratio of 400 mpa and above high strength threaded bars exceeds 80%.

◆ Energy conservation and emission reduction. The elimination of blast furnaces of 400 cubic meters and less (excluding cast iron), and converter and electric furnaces of 30 tons and less. The dry quenching rate of coke ovens in iron and steel enterprises is above 95%. Energy consumption per unit of industrial added value and carbon dioxide emissions fell by 18% respectively. Key statistics show that the average comprehensive energy consumption per ton of steel in iron and steel enterprises is below 580 kilograms of standard coal, the consumption of new water per ton of steel is below 4.0 cubic meters, sulfur dioxide emissions per ton of steel are down 39%, chemical oxygen demand per ton of steel is down 7%, and the comprehensive utilization rate of solid waste is above 97%.

◆ Industrial layout. The blind expansion of areas with excess capacity has been curdled, and the construction of Zhanjiang and Fangchenggang steel boutique bases has fundamentally solved the problem of "North steel transported to the south."

◆ Resource guarantee. We will basically establish a benefitsharing fuel security system for iron ore, coal and other iron and steel industries, and increase overseas iron ore production capacity by more than 100 million tons.

◆ Technological innovation. Key statistics of iron and steel enterprises to establish a sound technological innovation system, research and development investment accounted for more than 1.5% of the main business income. Progress has been made in independent innovative processes and technologies such as green and low-carbon smelting and comprehensive utilization of resources, and common key technologies such as efficient production and energy conservation and emission reduction have been widely applied.

◆ Industrial concentration. The number of steel enterprises has been greatly reduced, and the proportion of steel output of the top 10 domestic steel enterprise groups in the national total has increased from 48.6% to about 60%.

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